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How Schrodinger's Cat Escaped The Box

This book attempts to explain the core of physics, the origin of everything and anything. It explains why physics at the most fundamental level, and especially quantum mechanics, has moved away from naive realism towards abstraction, and how this means that we can begin to answer some of the most fundamental questions which trouble us all, about space, time, matter, etc. It provides an original approach based on symmetry which will be of interest to professionals as well as lay people. In the book, virtually no prior knowledge is assumed, but the readers are allowed to participate in a discussion of very deep ideas. Throughout the book, the readers are guided through some important ideas which need to be explained mathematically. The key fact is that the mathematics is not about calculation but about concepts. Much of it can be simplified using coloured text and diagrams. This means that ideas which are important to everyone who wants to know how the universe is structured are not glossed over as being too difficult for anybody but the experts. This book is written for a wide audience. Experts will gain a great deal, but so will lay readers. This would be an ideal book for students to read before progressing to another book by the author, The Foundations of Physical Law.

Greek Models of Mind and Self

This lively book offers a wide-ranging study of Greek notions of mind and human selfhood from Homer through Plotinus. A. A. Long anchors his discussion in questions of recurrent and universal interest. What happens to us when we die? How is the mind or soul related to the body? Are we responsible for our own happiness? Can we achieve autonomy? Long asks when and how these questions emerged in ancient Greece, and shows that Greek thinkers’ modeling of the mind gave us metaphors that we still live by, such as the rule of reason or enslavement to passion. He also interrogates the less familiar Greek notion of the intellect’s divinity, and asks what that might mean for us. Because Plato’s dialogues articulate these themes more sharply and influentially than works by any other Greek thinker, Plato receives the most sustained treatment in this account. But at the same time, Long asks whether Plato’s explanation of the mind and human behavior is more convincing for modern readers than that contained in the older Homeric poems. Turning to later ancient philosophy, especially Stoicism, Long concludes with an exploration of Epictetus’s injunction to live life by making correct use of one’s mental impressions. An authoritative treatment of Greek modes of self-understanding, Greek Models of Mind and Self demonstrates how ancient thinkers grappled with what is closest to us and yet still most mysterious―our own essence as singular human selves―and how the study of Greek thought can enlarge and enrich our experience.

Nietzsche and the Becoming of Life

Throughout his writing career Nietzsche advocated the affirmation of earthly life as a way to counteract nihilism and asceticism. This volume takes stock of the complexities and wide-ranging perspectives that Nietzsche brings to bear on the problem of life’s becoming on Earth by engaging various interpretative paradigms reaching from existentialist to Darwinist readings of Nietzsche. In an age in which the biological sciences claim to have unlocked the deepest secrets and codes of life, the essays in this volume propose a more skeptical view. Life is both what is closest and what is furthest from us, because life experiments through us as much as we experiment with it, because life keeps our thinking and our habits always moving, in a state of recurring nomadism. Nietzsche’s philosophy is perhaps the clearest expression of the antinomy contained in the idea of “studying” life and in the Socratic ideal of an “examined” life and remains a deep source of wisdom about living.

Convergent Evolution: Limited Forms Most Beautiful

An analysis of convergent evolution from molecules to ecosystems, demonstrating the limited number of evolutionary pathways available to life. Charles Darwin famously concluded On the Origin of Species with a vision of “endless forms most beautiful” continually evolving. More than 150 years later many evolutionary biologists see not endless forms but the same, or very similar, forms evolving repeatedly in many independent species lineages. A porpoise's fishlike fins, for example, are not inherited from fish ancestors but are independently derived convergent traits. In this book, George McGhee describes the ubiquity of the phenomenon of convergent evolution and connects it directly to the concept of evolutionary constraint―the idea that the number of evolutionary pathways available to life are not endless, but quite limited. Convergent evolution occurs on all levels, from tiny organic molecules to entire ecosystems of species. McGhee demonstrates its ubiquity in animals, both herbivore and carnivore; in plants; in ecosystems; in molecules, including DNA, proteins, and enzymes; and even in minds, describing problem-solving behavior and group behavior as the products of convergence. For each species example, he provides an abbreviated list of the major nodes in its phylogenetic classification, allowing the reader to see the evolutionary relationship of a group of species that have independently evolved a similar trait by convergent evolution. McGhee analyzes the role of functional and developmental constraints in producing convergent evolution, and considers the scientific and philosophical implications of convergent evolution for the predictability of the evolutionary process.

Operating Department Practice A-Z, 2 edition

The role of the operating department practitioner has evolved considerably in recent years, and both trainee and practising ODPs need a practical, up-to-date resource on terminology and current practice. Each entry in the second edition of Operating Department Practice A-Z has been fully updated and contains both a short definition and a more detailed description of the term or procedure, with supporting information to give the reader a deeper understanding of the field. In addition, the book contains useful appendices on medical terminology and abbreviations, normal values, medical and scientific symbols, and a list of useful websites for further reference. Written by two of the UK's most experienced Operating Department Practice lecturers, Operating Department Practice A-Z, second edition provides practical, concise information for all peri-operative staff members.

C. elegans: Methods and Applications, 2nd edition

The aim of this volume is to provide a step-by-step guide for implementing a selection of novel techniques in the lab. Each protocol in this volume is presented as a standalone chapter, specifically geared towards addressing practical needs without presuming prior knowledge of the technique at hand. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and key tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, C. elegans: Methods and Applications, Second Edition aims to ensure successful results in the further study of this dynamic field.

Compendium of Icebreakers: Connections for Faultless Training, Volume 2

What experienced trainers know and pay attention to Compendium of Icebreakers, Volume II Connections: 125 Activities for Faultless Training By Lois Hart Are you maximizing every opportunity to connect with participants before, during and after training? This is the key to optimizing the learning experience of every individual and the focus of these 125 tested and proven-effective activities for trainers. The activities are grouped under five critical points of contact trainers have with participants: · Making Contact Before the Workshop includes activities a trainer can do after the participants are identified or selected. · Saying Hello at the Beginning of the Workshop presents activities for introducing the trainer, clarifying objectives and expectations, helping participants get better acquainted and leading warm-up activities · Making Transitions Within the Workshop offers activities for building on what participants have learned from the workshop and one another. · Saying Goodbye at the End of the Workshop focuses on activities that help participants review what has been learned, develop a plan of action, celebrate and receive awards. · Following Up After the Workshop includes strategies for reinforcing what participants have learned and ensuring continuous learning. Based on the principles of accelerated and adult learning, the activities have sound objectives. But they are also fun. Some utilize all the senses. Many get participants on their feet and moving around. Others encourage participants to reveal what they already know and apply what they learn. The activities are formatted for easy use with clearly marked objectives, best occasion to use them, group size, estimated time equipment and supplies needed and materials. Many of the activities have ready-to-use handouts

The Apology Ritual: A Philosophical Theory of Punishment

Christopher Bennett presents a theory of punishment grounded in the practice of apology, and in particular in reactions such as feeling sorry and making amends. He argues that offenders have a 'right to be punished' - that it is part of taking an offender seriously as a member of a normatively demanding relationship (such as friendship or collegiality or citizenship) that she is subject to retributive attitudes when she violates the demands of that relationship. However, while he claims that punishment and the retributive attitudes are the necessary expression of moral condemnation, his account of these reactions has more in common with restorative justice than traditional retributivism. He argues that the most appropriate way to react to crime is to require the offender to make proportionate amends. His book is a rich and intriguing contribution to the debate over punishment and restorative justice.

The Philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir: Ambiguity, Conversion, Resistance

Studies of Simone de Beauvoir have mostly concentrated on her literature, her life, and her famous 1949 work, The Second Sex, and the continued emphasis has been on Beauvoir's views on gender. The Philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir places her theory of women's "otherness" in the context of a number of contemporary theories on a similar subject. While gender takes its place among these, Professor Deutscher counterbalances its grip on our memory of Beauvoir's ideas by situating it in the context of our relationship to ageing, to generational difference, and to race and cultural difference. By differentiating the many aspects of "otherness," Beauvoir revisited some of the concepts of reciprocity, ambiguity, and ethics for which she is best remembered.

Preparing for Dental Practice
Preparing for Dental Practice Sented by Christopher

The majority of dental students will choose general practice as their career path. This book prepares final year undergraduates for the difficult transition into primary care. It is essential that students understand how the different areas in primary care can be integrated. As a result, dental schools, usually in the final year of the course, are moving towards general practice by providing comprehensive patient care courses. This book provides a background to the holistic approach senior students are encouraged to use when identifying treatment needs, covering the integration of treatment and its planning, aspects of dental team building, practice selection and management matters. Although this book is aimed primarily at undergraduates on the dental primary care courses, it will also prove invaluable to vocational trainees and those thinking about going into practice. The newly qualified dental practitioner will also find the text helpful, as there is no other title for them to consult which covers the range of material in this book.

School Bullying: New Theories in Context

Bullying is a socially and culturally complex phenomenon that until now has largely been understood in the context of the individual. This book challenges the dominance of this approach, examining the processes of extreme exclusion that are enacted in bullying - whether at school, through face-to-face meetings or virtual encounters - in the context of group dynamics. Contributors draw upon qualitative empirical studies, mixed methods and statistics, to analyse the elements that allow bullying to emerge - the processes that produce exclusion and contempt, and the relations between children, teachers and parents. Introducing a new definition of bullying, this book goes on to discuss directions for future research and action, including more informed intervention strategies and re-thinking methods of prevention. Exploring bullying in the light of the latest research from a wide variety of disciplines, this book paves the way for a new paradigm through which to understand the field.

ADHD Coaching: A Guide for Mental Health Professionals

People with ADHD often struggle with time management, staying organized, maintaining relationships, and other life skills. Professional coaching can help them overcome these obstacles and regain confidence in their own problem-solving abilities. This book is an A-Z guide for mental health professionals who want to develop or expand their ADHD coaching skills. Drawing on over a decade of research and clinical work with ADHD clients, Frances Prevatt and Abigail Levrini have established an empirically-based model for ADHD coaching. Their approach uses elements of cognitive behavioral theory and psycho-education to target executive functioning deficits, and focuses on clients key impairments. This book describes the underlying principles as well as the nuts and bolts of ADHD coaching. Step-by-step details for gathering information, conducting the intake, establishing goals and objectives, and working through all stages of coaching are included, along with helpful forms and a detailed list of additional resources. The practicalities of setting up a practice, as well as professional issues are covered. Five richly detailed case studies illustrate how to help adults, college students, and adolescents who present with a variety of ADHD symptoms.

Treatments for Anger in Specific Populations: Theory, Application, and Outcome

The last several years have seen a significant increase in research on anger and its clinical treatment. As a result, anger management has become the topic of many self-help books, but there is currently no book that brings together for practitioners and scholars the diversity of therapies used to treat anger in various populations. Treatments for Anger in Specific Populations provides information and instruction on empirically supported interventions for anger in various clinical contexts, including substance abuse, PTSD, the intellectually disabled, borderline personality disorder, children and adolescents, and others. Ten chapters focus on specific populations, while two additional chapters discuss gender and culturally sensitive considerations in anger treatment. An introductory chapter by the volume editor, Ephrem Fernandez, outlines the main therapeutic approaches to anger, summarizing the boundaries between adaptive and maladaptive anger and providing a rationale for tailoring anger treatments to specific populations. For each population-specific chapter, authors provide theoretical background and literature review, followed by findings on the efficacy of each treatment. Each treatment evaluated is also clearly described in terms of clinical procedure. Further, each chapter contains a clinical case vignette illustrating the application of particular treatments to particular clients. Where appropriate, discussions of emerging and as-yet untested therapies are included. Treatments for Anger in Specific Populations is a resource to be treasured by clinicians who work regularly with anger problems and anger disorders, and the volume's careful balance of research review with important information about treatment application will also render it useful to scientists interested in anger.

The Cambridge Companion to Logical Empiricism

If there is a movement or school that epitomizes analytic philosophy in the middle of the twentieth century, it is logical empiricism. Logical empiricists created a scientifically and technically informed philosophy of science, established mathematical logic as a topic in and tool for philosophy, and initiated the project of formal semantics. Accounts of analytic philosophy written in the middle of the twentieth century gave logical empiricism a central place in the project. The second wave of interpretative accounts was constructed to show how philosophy should progress, or had progressed, beyond logical empiricism. The essays survey the formative stages of logical empiricism in central Europe and its acculturation in North America, discussing its main topics, and achievements and failures, in different areas of philosophy of science, and assessing its influence on philosophy, past, present, and future.

The Clinical Interview of the Child: Theory and Practice by Nancy Thorndike Greenspan

Ideal for both novices and advanced practitioners, the new edition of Stanley Greenspan's classic guide outlines a practical process for observing and interviewing children -- and organizing and interpreting their unfolding communications. Highly acclaimed, The Clinical Interview of the Child uses actual interviews with children to show readers how to Apply a developmental, biopsychosocial framework for understanding the inner lives of children at different ages and stages Observe and assess human development, including emotional and cognitive patterns and perceptual capacities Help infants and children to reveal their feelings, thoughts, and behaviors during the clinical interview Organize and interpret the interview data by constructing a developmental profile and translating it into DSM-IV-TR diagnostic categories The third edition has been expanded and revised extensively, with updated theoretical and conceptual foundations; information on higher levels of ego development and reflective and thinking capacities of older children; and a new section on a developmental biopsychosocial model -- the developmental, individual-difference, relationship-based (DIR) approach. An invaluable educational and practical resource, The Clinical Interview of the Child, Third Edition, is an ideal tool for psychiatrists and psychologists, pediatricians, educators, social workers, speech pathologists, occupational therapists, and judges and attorneys dealing with children and families.

Companion Encyclopedia of Asian Philosophy

The Companion Encyclopedia of Asian Philosophy is a unique one-volume reference work which makes a broad range of richly varied philosophical, ethical and theological traditions accessible to a wide audience. The Companion is divided into six sections covering the main traditions within Asian thought: Persian; Indian; Buddhist; Chinese; Japanese; and Islamic philosophy. Each section contains a collection of chapters which provide comprehensive coverage of the origins of the tradition, its approaches to, for example, logic and languages, and to questions of morals and society. The chapters also contain useful histories of the lives of the key influential thinkers, as well as a thorough analysis of the current trends.

Comparative Treatments of Substance Abuse

This volume in Springer's well-conceived Comparative Treatments [for] Psychological Disorders Series was designed to examine psychotherapy approaches to chemical dependence treatmentÖ[it] provides important theoretical and clinical information that will be of great use to psychotherapy students, particularly those at the graduate level. It will make an excellent companion resource to many specific chemical dependence treatment texts because it provides a variety of theories that are clearly linked to practical intervention strategies." --International Association for Cognitive Psychotherapy, August 2000. This volume addresses a clinical problem seen by most mental health professionals--the abuse of drugs and alcohol. Drs. Dowd and Rugle have assembled top professionals in the field to address the same case to illuminate the strengths and weaknesses of different therapeutic approaches to substance abuse. Treatment modalities include psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, REBT, family therapy, and more. The volume also presents current outcome research for evidence-based interventions.

Figurate Numbers
Figurate Numbers Sented by Emma

Figurate numbers have a rich history with many applications. The main purpose of this book is to provide a thorough and complete presentation of the theory of figurate numbers, giving much of their properties, facts and theorems with full proofs. This book is the first of this topic in unified systematic way. It also contains many exercises with solutions.

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