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Borrowed Knowledge: Chaos Theory and the Challenge of Learning across Disciplines

What happens to scientific knowledge when researchers outside the natural sciences bring elements of the latest trend across disciplinary boundaries for their own purposes? Researchers in fields from anthropology to family therapy and traffic planning employ the concepts, methods, and results of chaos theory to harness the disciplinary prestige of the natural sciences, to motivate methodological change or conceptual reorganization within their home discipline, and to justify public policies and aesthetic judgments. Using the recent explosion in the use (and abuse) of chaos theory, Borrowed Knowledge and the Challenge of Learning across Disciplines examines the relationship between science and other disciplines as well as the place of scientific knowledge within our broader culture. Stephen H. Kellert’s detailed investigation of the myriad uses of chaos theory reveals serious problems that can arise in the interchange between science and other knowledge-making pursuits, as well as opportunities for constructive interchange. By engaging with recent debates about interdisciplinary research, Kellert contributes a theoretical vocabulary and a set of critical frameworks for the rigorous examination of borrowing.

Differential Calculus and Sage
Differential Calculus and Sage Sented by Steve Bark

This text covers the differential calculus, including properties of the derivative and applications. Particular emphasis is on geometric applications. There is a large selection of exercises (most with answers) and most claims are provided with a complete proof.

Einstein and the Quantum: The Quest of the Valiant Swabian

Einstein and the Quantum reveals for the first time the full significance of Albert Einstein's contributions to quantum theory. Einstein famously rejected quantum mechanics, observing that God does not play dice. But, in fact, he thought more about the nature of atoms, molecules, and the emission and absorption of light--the core of what we now know as quantum theory--than he did about relativity. A compelling blend of physics, biography, and the history of science, Einstein and the Quantum shares the untold story of how Einstein--not Max Planck or Niels Bohr--was the driving force behind early quantum theory. It paints a vivid portrait of the iconic physicist as he grappled with the apparently contradictory nature of the atomic world, in which its invisible constituents defy the categories of classical physics, behaving simultaneously as both particle and wave. And it demonstrates how Einstein's later work on the emission and absorption of light, and on atomic gases, led directly to Erwin Schrödinger's breakthrough to the modern form of quantum mechanics. The book sheds light on why Einstein ultimately renounced his own brilliant work on quantum th

Astrobiology: An Introduction (Series in Astronomy and Astrophysics)

Astrobiology is a multidisciplinary pursuit that in various guises encompasses astronomy, chemistry, planetary and Earth sciences, and biology. It relies on mathematical, statistical, and computer modeling for theory, and space science, engineering, and computing to implement observational and experimental work. Consequently, when studying astrobiology, a broad scientific canvas is needed. For example, it is now clear that the Earth operates as a system; it is no longer appropriate to think in terms of geology, oceans, atmosphere, and life as being separate. Reflecting this multiscience approach, Astrobiology: An Introduction: Covers topics such as stellar evolution, cosmic chemistry, planet formation, habitable zones, terrestrial biochemistry, and exoplanetary systems Discusses the origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life in the universe in an accessible manner, sparing calculus, curly arrow chemistry, and modeling details Contains problems and worked examples, and includes a solutions manual with qualifying course adoption Astrobiology: An Introduction provides a full introduction to astrobiology suitable for university students at all levels.

Assigning Structures to Ions in Mass Spectrometry

ummarizing our present knowledge of the structures and chemistry of small organic cations in the gas phase, Assigning Structures to Ions in Mass Spectrometry presents the methods necessary for determining gas-phase ion structures. It is a comprehensive resource of background material that is essential for the interpretation and understanding of organic mass spectra. Following a historical introduction of chief discoveries, the book surveys current experimental methods for ion production and separation as well as those designed to reveal qualitative and quantitative aspects of gas-phase ions. It also examines the computational chemistry and theoretical calculations that provide complementary thermochemical, structural, and mechanistic information. Five selected case studies illustrate specific challenges associated with ion structure assignment and thermochemical problems. The last major section of the book contains the data for describing or identifying all ions containing C alone and C with H, O, N, S, P, halogens, and small organic cations. Presenting material written by leading researchers in the field, Assigning Structures to Ions in Mass Spectrometry underscores the importance of understanding the behavior of small organic ions and gas-phase ion chemistry for making new ion structure assignments

Detection of Highly Dangerous Pathogens: Microarray Methods for BSL 3 and BSL 4 Agents

Written by leading experts in the field as part of an interdisciplinary pan-European research program funded by the EU, the results provided in this booklet provide a unique and comprehensive overview of how microarray technology can be used in safely tracking the most highly dangerous pathogens. A must-have for public health agencies focused on bioterrorism as well as all laboratories working with BSL3 and/or BSL 4 agents.

Nutrition and Oral Medicine (Nutrition and Health)

Benchmark studies by internationally recognized leaders in dentistry and nutrition review the many links connecting nutrition and dietary practices to oral diseases and disorders. The authors examine the effects of diet and its nutrient components on the development, growth, maintenance, prevention, and treatment of diseases in the oral cavity. Topics range from the relation between oral and general health, nutrition/diet and systemic health, and nutrition/diet and oral health, to select oral and systemic diseases with known nutrition and oral health interfaces; also cutting-edge research issues regarding the relationship of individual anioxidants, trace elements, polyphenols, and other nutrient substrates.

Ionic Liquids in Chemical Analysis (Analytical Chemistry)

An Overview of a Rapidly Expanding Area in Chemistry Exploring the future in chemical analysis research, Ionic Liquids in Chemical Analysis focuses on materials that promise entirely new ways to perform solution chemistry. It provides a broad overview of the applications of ionic liquids in various areas of analytical chemistry, including separation science, spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and sensors. With Contributions from a Team of Internationally Recognized Experts After reviewing the properties and structure of ionic liquids, leading specialists explore the role of these materials in optical, electrochemical, and biochemical sensor technology. The book then examines ionic liquids in gas, liquid, and countercurrent chromatography, along with their use as electrolyte additives in capillary electrophoresis. It also discusses gas solubilities and measurement techniques, liquid-liquid extraction, and the separation of metal ions. The final chapters cover molecular, Raman, nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectroscopies. Encourages Readers to Discover New Ideas and Breakthroughs in the Field By showing how ionic liquids can improve measurement and reduce the amount of environmental waste, this volume confirms the staying power of these materials in the years to come.

Imaging in Parkinson's Disease
Imaging in Parkinson's Disease Sented by Steve Bark

Imaging in Parkinson's Disease provides up-to-date information concerning new applications of brain imaging to the study of Parkinson's disease. Written by experts in the field, the book focuses on structural and functional imaging methodologies that have recently been applied to study the natural history of Parkinson's disease, with emphasis on the development of the major motor manifestations of the illness as well as cognitive impairment and dementia. Individual chapters address the role of imaging in differential diagnosis and in the evaluation of pharmacologic and surgical treatment effects. In-depth discussion of the use of imaging tools to study disease mechanisms is also provided, with emphasis on the roles of neuroinflammation, protein aggregation, and abnormal network organization in parkinsonism. Additionally, the text covers a number of relevant novel topics including recent advances in volumetric and functional MRI, echosonography, dopaminergic and cholinergic neurotransmitter imaging, and applications to experimental interventions such as gene therapy and transplantation. Covering a wide range of subjects and beautifully illustrated, Imaging in Parkinson's Disease is a valuable reference for neurologists, neurosurgeons and neuropsychologists, and a helpful resource for students engaged in postgraduate biomedical and clinical training.

Zoonoses: Recognition, Control, and Prevention

Provides expanded information which includes sections on historic background, current principles, and anticipated future changes, and consideration of the latest knowledge of human and veterinary medicine in the field of zoonoses. A chapter summary and selected bibliography for each of the first six chapters.

Econosphere, The: What Makes the Economy Really Work, How to Protect It, and Maximize Your Opportunity for Financial Prosperity (paperback)

“For an engaging, insightful, and somewhat quirky take on how our economy works, The Econosphere is a must read. Craig Thomas does a masterful job of explaining basic economic fundamentals so that anyone can understand them and profit as a result.” –Mark Zandi, Chief Economist, Moody’s Economy.com “Classic Craig! Born with an ability to write informatively, Craig has delivered the layperson’s guide to everything economic! Clear, informative, and entertaining prose on the inner workings of the economy. A must read for anyone who wants to understand how the world works.” –Raymond G. Torto, PhD, Global Chief Economist, CB Richard Ellis “An engaging read. Craig’s view of what he calls ‘the Econosphere’ is really fascinating and is simply, yet eloquently, focused on what we can achieve as individuals and, at the same time, contribute to the betterment of mankind. This book encourages each of us to become stewards of the resources we use to sustain ourselves. It is a thoughtful, purposeful, and inspiring read.” –Steve Felix, Head of Real Estate Client Relations—North America, Aviva Investors, and author of Simplicate Your Life: Volume 1 “The Econosphere is a quick and enjoyable read with a powerful message. This fresh perspective on the workings of the economy is provided through surprising but logical comparisons to the environment and the green movement, combined with many witty anecdotes. I feel I have a new understanding of the economy’s nature. We should all be ‘green’ economists!” –Robert M. White, Jr., Founder and President, Real Capital Analytics How the World Really Works–and How to Make It Start Working Again! · Discover the immutable laws of nature that govern all your financial decisions–and put them to work for you · Ten ways to maximize wealth and happiness for everyone · How not to fix a broken economy: stupid policy tricks and why they just make things worse We all live inside the Econosphere: a living, breathing, global organism that choreographs billions of performers with breathtaking precision and can make life better for everyone. But the Econosphere works best if we understand what nurtures it–and what poisons it. In The Econosphere, leading economist Craig Thomas reveals the amazing economic organism we’re all part of, explains how it really works, and shows how to make it start working again–for everyone. Thomas illuminates the laws that govern every economic decision you make–and shows how to use that information to make better decisions, achieve greater success, and maximize your happiness.

Structural and Stress Analysis: Theories, Tutorials and Examples

Summarizing major concepts and key points, this book tests students’ knowledge of the principal theories in structural and stress analysis. Its main feature is helping students to understand the subject by asking and answering conceptual questions. Each chapter begins with a summary of key issues and relevant formulas. A ‘key points’ review identifies important concepts which are essential for students’ understanding of the chapter. Numerical examples are used to illustrate these concepts and demonstrate the application of the formulas. A short discussion of the problem is provided, before the solution is revealed, to ensure that students know not only how but also why a formula should be used.

Language of Images: Visualization and Meaning in Tantras (Asian Thought and Culture)

While Indian visual culture and Tantric images have drawn wide attention, the culture of images, particularly that of the divine images, is broadly misunderstood. This book is the first to systematically address the hermeneutic and philosophical aspects of visualizing images in Tantric practices. While examining the issues of embodiment and emotion, this volume initiates a discourse on image-consciousness, imagination, memory, and recall. The main objective of this book is to explore the meaning of the opaque Tantric forms, and with this, the text aims to introduce visual language to discourse. Language of Images is the result of a long and sustained engagement with Tantric practitioners and philosophical and exegetical texts. Due to its synthetic approach of utilizing multiple ways to read cultural artifacts, this work stands alone in its attempt to unravel the esoteric domains of Tantric practice by means of addressing the culture of visualization.

Trucking Country: The Road to America's Wal-Mart Economy (Politics and Society in Modern America)

Trucking Country is a social history of long-haul trucking that explores the contentious politics of free-market capitalism in post-World War II America. Shane Hamilton paints an eye-opening portrait of the rural highways of the American heartland, and in doing so explains why working-class populist voters are drawn to conservative politicians who seemingly don't represent their financial interests. Hamilton challenges the popular notion of "red state" conservatism as a devil's bargain between culturally conservative rural workers and economically conservative demagogues in the Republican Party. The roots of rural conservatism, Hamilton demonstrates, took hold long before the culture wars and free-market fanaticism of the 1990s. As Hamilton shows, truckers helped build an economic order that brought low-priced consumer goods to a greater number of Americans. They piloted the big rigs that linked America's factory farms and agribusiness food processors to suburban supermarkets across the country. Trucking Country is the gripping account of truckers whose support of post-New Deal free enterprise was so virulent that it sparked violent highway blockades in the 1970s. It's the story of "bandit" drivers who inspired country songwriters and Hollywood filmmakers to celebrate the "last American cowboy," and of ordinary blue-collar workers who helped make possible the deregulatory policies of Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan and set the stage for Wal-Mart to become America's most powerful corporation in today's low-price, low-wage economy.

Famine, Affluence, and Morality by Peter Singer (2015-12-03)

In 1972, the young philosopher Peter Singer published "Famine, Affluence and Morality," which rapidly became one of the most widely discussed essays in applied ethics. Through this article, Singer presents his view that we have the same moral obligations to those far away as we do to those close to us. He argued that choosing not to send life-saving money to starving people on the other side of the earth is the moral equivalent of neglecting to save drowning children because we prefer not to muddy our shoes. If we can help, we must--and any excuse is hypocrisy. Singer's extreme stand on our moral obligations to others became a powerful call to arms and continues to challenge people's attitudes towards extreme poverty. Today, it remains a central touchstone for those who argue we should all help others more than we do. As Bill and Melinda Gates observe in their foreword, in the age of today's global philanthropy, Singer's essay is as relevant now as it ever was. This attractively packaged, concise edition collects the original article, two of Singer's more recent popular writings on our obligations to others around the world, and a new introduction by Singer that discusses his current thinking.

Why Everyone (Else) Is a Hypocrite: Evolution and the Modular Mind

We're all hypocrites. Why? Hypocrisy is the natural state of the human mind. Robert Kurzban shows us that the key to understanding our behavioral inconsistencies lies in understanding the mind's design. The human mind consists of many specialized units designed by the process of evolution by natural selection. While these modules sometimes work together seamlessly, they don't always, resulting in impossibly contradictory beliefs, vacillations between patience and impulsiveness, violations of our supposed moral principles, and overinflated views of ourselves. This modular, evolutionary psychological view of the mind undermines deeply held intuitions about ourselves, as well as a range of scientific theories that require a "self" with consistent beliefs and preferences. Modularity suggests that there is no "I." Instead, each of us is a contentious "we"--a collection of discrete but interacting systems whose constant conflicts shape our interactions with one another and our experience of the world. In clear language, full of wit and rich in examples, Kurzban explains the roots and implications of our inconsistent minds, and why it is perfectly natural to believe that everyone else is a hypocrite.

Microfoundations of Financial Economics: An Introduction to General Equilibrium Asset Pricing (Princeton Series in Finance)

This textbook takes the reader from the level of microeconomics principles through to modern asset pricing theory. Yvan Lengwiler elegantly links together issues that have in the past been the territory of general economic theorists on the one hand, and financial economists on the other. In a sequence of carefully explained steps, the reader learns how the first welfare theorem is used in asset pricing theory. The book then moves on to explore Radner economies and von Neumann-Morgenstern decision theory, and this section culminates in Wilson's mutuality principle and the consumption-based CAPM. This is then put into a dynamic setting, and term structure models are introduced. The empirical shortcomings of the standard asset pricing models are extensively discussed, as is research from the last twenty years aimed at bringing theory in line with reality. The reader is brought up to date on the latest areas of concern, such as habit formation, the consequences of heterogeneity, demographic effects, changing tax regimes, market frictions, and the implications of prospect theory for asset pricing. Aimed at masters or Ph.D. students specializing in financial economics, the book can also be used as a supplementary text for students of macroeconomics at this advanced level and will be of interest to finance professionals with a background in economics and mathematics. It includes problems (with solutions), and an accompanying website provides supporting material for lecturers.

The Works of Alain Locke (Collected Black Writings)

With the publication of The New Negro in 1925, Alain Locke introduced readers all over the U.S. to the vibrant world of African American thought. As an author, editor, and patron, Locke rightly earned the appellation "Godfather of the Harlem Renaissance." Yet, his intellectual contributions extend far beyond that single period of cultural history. Throughout his life he penned essays, on topics ranging from John Keats to Sigmund Freud, in addition to his trenchant social commentary on race and society.

Saving Truth From Paradox
Saving Truth From Paradox Sented by Jacob

Saving Truth from Paradox is an ambitious investigation into paradoxes of truth and related issues, with occasional forays into notions such as vagueness, the nature of validity, and the G:odel incompleteness theorems. Hartry Field presents a new approach to the paradoxes and provides a systematic and detailed account of the main competing approaches. 

Religious Freedom in the Liberal State by Rex Ahdar (12-Apr-2015) Paperback

Examining the law and public policy relating to religious liberty in Western liberal democracies, this book contains a detailed analysis of the history, rationale, scope, and limits of religious freedom from (but not restricted to) an evangelical Christian perspective. Focusing on United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, and Eu, it studies the interaction between law and religion at several different levels, looking at the key debates that have arisen. Divided into three parts, the book begins by contrasting the liberal and Christian rationales for and understandings of religious freedom. It then explores central thematic issues: the types of constitutional frameworks within which any right to religious exercise must operate; the varieties of paradigmatic relationships between organized religion and the state; the meaning of 'religion'; the limitations upon individual and institutional religious behavior; and the domestic and international legal mechanisms that have evolved to address religious conduct. The final part explores key subject areas where current religious freedom controversies have arisen: employment; education; parental rights and childrearing; controls on pro-religious and anti-religious expression; medical treatment; and religious group (church) autonomy. This new edition is fully updated with the growing case law in the area, and features increased coverage of Islam and the flashpoint debates surrounding the accommodation of Muslim beliefs and practices in Anglophone nations.

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