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Organic Acids Characteristics, Properties and Synthesis

Organic acids are compounds with acidic properties and occur naturally in a number of foods. They are mainly present in fermented products as a result of hydrolysis, biochemical metabolism, and microbial activity. This book provides research on the characteristics, properties and synthesis of organic acids. Chapter One reviews the application of organic acids in food preservation. Chapter Two provides a chromatographic analysis organic acids in food from animal origin. Chapter Three discusses the diversity of organic acids content in green and roasted Coffea arabica cultivars. Chapter Four studies the effects of organic acids and polysaccharides on the solubility of oyster-derived zinc digested in vitro. Chapter Five examines the evaporation of organic acids aqueous solutions through spread films of polyelectrolyte/surfactant complexes. Chapter Six discusses the influence of liquid absorption and the effect of downstream pressure on the separation performance of pervaporation of acetic acid aqueous solutions.

Letters to an Atheist Wrestling with Faith

In Letters to an Atheist, esteemed philosopher and author Peter Kreeft corresponds with a young atheist who is wrestling with the question of God. Together they work through some of the primary reasons people don't believe in God, including violence committed in the name of religion, the problem of evil, and more. They also discuss many of the reasons for belief, including love, miracles, and the relationship between religion and science. The debate between atheists and theists today is often strident and angry, and understandably so-the debate encompasses fundamental questions about how we live our lives. As Kreeft writes, "if God does not exist, then religion is the biggest hoax, the biggest myth, the biggest lie in the history of the world." However, Letters to an Atheist showcases a respectful exploration of some of life's biggest questions, trying to understand the opposing point of view. With characteristic warmth and clarity, Kreeft's letters offer believers and non-believers alike much to consider.

Glucosides Sources, Applications, and New Research

This book reviews sources, applications and new research of glucosides. Chapter One introduces the source (where and how mycotoxins are glucosylated), history (how the researchers recognize and identify mycotoxin glucosides), and recent research (screening of new mycotoxin glucosides conducted by the authors and risk assessment research of mycotoxin glucosides). Chapter Two summarizes the information available on the field of steryl glycosides from different perspectives. Chapter Three examines recent developments in the phase behavior of n-Alkyl glucosides in arid systems. Contents: Preface Chapter 1 Mycotoxin Glucosides (Masked Mycotoxins) Chapter 2 Steryl Glycosides in Foods: An Overview Chapter 3 Phase Behavior of n-Alkyl Glucosides in the Arid System - Recent Developments and Experiment Notes

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) Methods, Analysis, and Research Insights

Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy applies the principle that molecular vibrations can absorb infrared radiation in the range of the electromagnetic radiation. This book discusses methods and provides new research on FTIR. Chapter one reviews the advances in the analysis of biological systems by means of FTIR spectroscopy. Chapter Two studies the last advances of infrared spectroscopy applied to the analysis of lignocellulosic materials. Chapter Three presents the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic, coupled with chemometric tools, to characterize organic matter transformations during the composting process. Chapter Four focuses on applications of FTIR spectroscopy in the wine industry.

Protein-Protein Interactions (PPIs) Types, Methods for Detection and Analysis.

Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) play an important role in vital biological processes such as metabolic and signaling pathways, cell cycle control, and DNA replication and transcription. This book discusses types, methods for detection and the analysis of PPIs. Chapter One describes two key nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods for the investigation of protein-protein interactions, chemical shift perturbation, and residual dipolar coupling, with practical tips on the preparation of samples, NMR measurement, and analysis. Chapter Two describes the basic principles and provides a practical description of the recent technological developments in solution NMR spectroscopy for examining protein-protein interactions. Chapter Three focuses on identifying PPIs via many learning methods based on protein sequence information. Chapter Four examines the thermodynamics of PPIs by isothermal titration calorimetry. Chapter Five describes the general microscopic features of amyloid fibril structures and then discusses the macroscopic properties of protein aggregate with conformations such as packing, hydration, and enthalpy using thermodynamic variables in combination with densitometry and isothermal titration calorimetry. Chapter Six reviews the special case of protein self-association as a modulator of protein function.

Saponins Types, Sources and Research.

Saponins are surfactive compounds that are widely distributed in nature, occurring primarily in the plant kingdom. Plants that produce saponins generally accumulate these metabolites as part of their development, which can be influenced by several environmental factors, such as nutrient and water availability, light irradiation and/or a combination of these factors. In this book, Chapter One discusses the occurrence in nature and biological activities of saponins. Chapter Two provides a review of ginsenoside Rg3 modulating lipid metabolism. Chapter Three demonstrates research on saponin application in remediation of metal-contaminated soils, and methods of saponins recovery after soil washing and attempts of their reuse. Chapter Four evaluates the feasibility of using saponin from soapnuts (Sapindus mukorrossi) for the removal of oil from a large area of oil contaminated soil in Kuwait, due to the destruction of oil wells during the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. Chapter Five focuses on the structural types and biological studies of saponins of I. asprella, and briefly discusses the characteristics of these chemical structures.

The Red Kangaroo in Central Australia An Early Account by A. E. Newsome.

The red kangaroo is at the heart of Australia's ecological identity. It is Australia's largest terrestrial land mammal, the largest extant marsupial, and the only kangaroo truly restricted to Australia's arid interior. Almost nothing was known about the ecology of the red kangaroo when Alan Newsome began to study it in 1957. He discovered how droughts affect reproduction, why red kangaroos favour different habitats during droughts from those after rains, and that unprecedented explosions in red kangaroo numbers were caused by changes to the landscape wrought by graziers. Most importantly, he realised the possibilities of enriching western science with Indigenous knowledge, a feat recognised today as one of the greatest achievements of his career. First drafted in 1975 and now revised and prepared for publication by his son, The Red Kangaroo in Central Australia captures Alan's thoughts as a young ecologist working in Central Australia in the 1950s and 1960s. It will inspire a new generation of scientists to explore Australia's vast interior and study the extraordinary adaptations of its endemic mammals. Features: * Provides an in-depth look at one of Australia's most iconic land mammals and the wonder of red kangaroo biology * Details working life in Central Australia during the 1950s and 1960s along with the unique link that Alan established with Australia's Indigenous Aranda people * A rare insight into the experience of scientific discovery, especially in the unforgiving environment of Central Australia

Teaching STEM Literacy A Constructivist Approach for Ages 3 to 8.

Teaching STEM Literacy is comprised of ready-made, open-ended lessons reviewed and tested by teachers, which help educators integrate STEM learning into the early childhood classroom. Lessons are linked to the Next Generation Science Standards, and encourage creative ideas for three-dimensional STEM learning that are developmentally appropriate and exemplified through children's literature. The three-dimensional STEM learning-content, concepts, and practices-comes in twelve, ready-made open-ended teaching units that make it easy to teach science and inquiry to young children. This book uses the 5E framework (engagement, exploration, explanation, elaboration, and evaluation) to cultivate children's skills of observation, questioning, and data collection by combining discovery, problem solving, and engineering solutions to authentic questions that young children might ask.

Free Will A Very Short Introduction.

Every day we seem to make and act upon all kinds of choices: some trivial, others so consequential that they change the course of one's life, or even the course of history. But are these choices really free, or are we compelled to act the way we do by factors beyond our control? Is the feeling that we could have made different decisions just an illusion? And if our choices are not free, is it legitimate to hold people morally responsible for their actions? Thomas Pink looks at the fundamental philosophical question of free will, critically examining the claim: If our actions are causally determined by events beyond our control, that means that we can never act freely, and so can never be held responsible for our actions.

Quick & Easy Tarantula Care
Quick & Easy Tarantula Care Sented by Michael

With proper care and maintenance, these unique creatures cna make great pets. Learn why they are becoming so popular and how to keep them healthy and safe. The Quick & Easy series features educational, value-priced books. All pet owners will benefit from reading the wide variety of titles in this series, each offering an abundance of advice in a delightfully concise format.

Easy Breezy Miracle A Powerful, Exciting & Simple Guide to Creating an Extraordinary Life, 2nd Edition.

What would it be like to experience miracles on a daily basis? Easy Breezy Miracle makes miracles accessible to everyone! Combining both scientific and spiritual concepts, this guidebook empowers you to create miracles in every area of your life. Miracles are no longer something we only read about in fairy tales. They are real, and you absolutely deserve to experience an overflow of them. Easy Breezy Miracle will change your perspective of what miracles are and help you become a miracle magnet!

Dewey on Education Selections, no.3 (Classics in Education Series), 3rd Edition (1).

Dworkin has gathered some of Dewey's clearest and most characteristic statements on education and set them in the stream of American social and intellectual history. In addition, he has indicated some of the rich literature available to those who would probe more deeply into Dewey's ideas and the context in which they matured.

Dementia and Literature Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Dementia is an urgent global concern, often termed a widespread ‘problem’, ‘tragedy’ or ‘burden’ and a subject best addressed by health and social policy and practice. However, creative writers can offer powerful and imaginative insights into the experience of dementia across cultures and over time. This cross-disciplinary volume explores how engaging with dementia through its myriad literary representations can help to deepen and humanise attitudes to people living with the condition. Offering and interrogating a wide array of perspectives about how dementia might be ‘imagined’, this book allows us to see how different ways of being can inflect one another. By drawing on the ‘lived’ experience of the individual unique person and their loved ones, literature can contribute to a deeper and more compassionate and more liberating attitude to a phenomenon that is both natural and unnatural. Novels, plays and stories reveal a rich panoply of responses ranging from the tragic to the comic, allowing us to understand that people with dementia often offer us models of humour, courage and resilience, and carers can also embody a range of responses from rigidity to compassion. Dementia and Literature problematises the subject of dementia, encouraging us all to question our own hegemonies critically and creatively. Drawing on literary studies, cultural studies, education, clinical psychology, psychiatry, nursing and gerontology, this book is a fascinating contribution to the emerging area of the medical and health humanities. The book will be of interest to those living with dementia and their caregivers as well as to the academic community and policy makers.

Artful Teaching Integrating the Arts for Understanding Across the Curriculum, K-8.

The authors in this volume share exemplary arts-integration practices across the K-8 curriculum. Rather than providing formulas or scripts to be followed, they carefully describe how the arts offer an entry point for gaining insight into why and how students learn. The book includes rich and lively examples of public school teachers integrating visual arts, music, drama, and dance with subject matter, including English, social studies, science, and mathematics. Readers will come away with a deeper understanding of why and how to use the arts every day, in every school, to reach every child. Both a practitioner's guide and a school reform model, this important book: Explains how arts integration across the K-8 curriculum contributes to student learning. Features examples of how integrated arts education functions in classrooms when it is done well. Explores intensive teacher-education and principal-training programs now underway in several higher education institutions. Offers concrete ideas for educators who are looking to strengthen their own skills and improve student opportunities for learning.

The Visual Dictionary of Art & Architecture

The Visual Dictionary of Art and Architecture takes the reader into a fascinating journey through fine arts, graphic arts, performing arts, photography, music, crafts and classic or modern architecture. Convenient and affordable, this book is the perfect tool to discover the exciting world of art and architecture!

Study Guide for The Codes Guidebook for Interiors, 6th Edition

Gain a reflexive knowledge of interior codes with this comprehensive study guide The Codes Guidebook for Interiors is the industry's reference of choice, with complete coverage of all codes and standards that apply to interiors. This Study Guide provides a thorough review of The Codes Guidebook, complete with practice questions, code tables, and checklists, helping designers and architects prepare for the NCIDQ and ARE exams. Designed as a companion to The Codes Guidebook 6th Edition, this guide covers the latest requirements, standards, terminology, and federal regulations, including the 2012 ICC, changes to the ADA standards, and ICC/ASI requirements-as well as expanded information on green construction. Readers get the opportunity to test their understanding of interior codes and think more deeply about real-world applications. It's essential that designers and architects have an up-to-date working knowledge of the various codes involved with building interiors, whether during renovation or new construction. This Study Guide helps increase retention and recall of the information presented in The Codes Guidebook, by enabling readers to: Learn key terms chapter by chapter Test code knowledge with practice questions and problem scenarios Refer to code tables during the design process Use included checklists to ensure complete compliance The Codes Guidebook is an essential reference for all interior professionals, and this Study Guide provides a concise review. Useful as exam prep or even just as a self-test, this guide distills the original's exhaustive information into manageable chunks. For the designer, architect, or student, the Study Guide for The Codes Guidebook for Interiors is a must-have resource for complete code comprehension.

Road User Charges Based on Mileage Considerations and Viability

A mileage-based road user charge would involve assessing owners of individual vehicles on a per-mile basis for the distance the vehicle is driven. Currently, federal highway and public transportation programs are funded mainly by motor fuel tax receipts that flow into the Highway Trust Fund (HTF). The tax rates, set on a per-gallon basis, have not been raised since 1993, and receipts have been insufficient to support the transportation programs authorized by Congress since FY2008. The long-term viability of motor fuels taxes is also questionable because of increasing vehicle fuel efficiency and the wider use of electric vehicles. Economists have favored the use of mileage-based user charges as an alternative to motor fuels taxes to support highway funding. This book examines considerations and viability of road user charges based on mileage

Placemaking An Urban Design Methodology

End-users provide the most valuable perspective and insights into how public social space should function. Much of the failure of urban settings can be related to over-structured urban environments which deterministically prescribe usage, constraining instead of enabling socio-spatial performance. Planning decisions by specialists should be made with the participation of the end-user to minimise uncertainty as far as possible, creating enabling environments. Placemaking: An Urban Design Methodology presents a methodology that evaluates the preferences of urban dwellers and synthesises these with the planning specialist’s expertise, better representing all views. Author Derek Thomas integrates the Sondheim Methodology with means to understanding cultural clues to create a matrix methodology that links planning primers with planning actions. A unique new tool for community planners, this book emphasises the importance of the community while taking into account the expertise of the planner in creating public spaces.

Introduction to Indian Architecture

Take a journey through Indian architecture from the dawn of civilization to the present with this colorful, attractive survey. Styles examined here include Hindu, Jain, Mughal (Islamic) and colonial (British) architecture, culminating in landmarks still existent today. Themes such as water architecture and the architecture of science also figure prominently, giving many westerners their first glimpse of these styles. The informative text, complemented by 400 photographs, watercolors, maps and plans, provide compelling evidence of India's influence on building design throughout history.

Compiling Algorithms for Heterogeneous Systems

Most emerging applications in imaging and machine learning must perform immense amounts of computation while holding to strict limits on energy and power. To meet these goals, architects are building increasingly specialized compute engines tailored for these specific tasks. The resulting computer systems are heterogeneous, containing multiple processing cores with wildly different execution models. Unfortunately, the cost of producing this specialized hardware-and the software to control it-is astronomical. Moreover, the task of porting algorithms to these heterogeneous machines typically requires that the algorithm be partitioned across the machine and rewritten for each specific architecture, which is time consuming and prone to error. Over the last several years, the authors have approached this problem using domain-specific languages (DSLs): high-level programming languages customized for specific domains, such as database manipulation, machine learning, or image processing. By giving up generality, these languages are able to provide high-level abstractions to the developer while producing high performance output. The purpose of this book is to spur the adoption and the creation of domain-specific languages, especially for the task of creating hardware designs. In the first chapter, a short historical journey explains the forces driving computer architecture today. Chapter 2 describes the various methods for producing designs for accelerators, outlining the push for more abstraction and the tools that enable designers to work at a higher conceptual level. From there, Chapter 3 provides a brief introduction to image processing algorithms and hardware design patterns for implementing them. Chapters 4 and 5 describe and compare Darkroom and Halide, two domain-specific languages created for image processing that produce high-performance designs for both FPGAs and CPUs from the same source code, enabling rapid design cycles and quick porting of algorithms. The final section describes how the DSL approach also simplifies the problem of interfacing between application code and the accelerator by generating the driver stack in addition to the accelerator configuration. This book should serve as a useful introduction to domain-specialized computing for computer architecture students and as a primer on domain-specific languages and image processing hardware for those with more experience in the field.

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