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Technological Advancements in Plant Sciences (Plant Science Research and Practices)

Botany is a forerunning field of study that could address the foremost disputes facing humanity in the 21st century; coupled with the development of new tools and techniques, it could aid in finding solutions to diagnose these unsolved questions. The present book summarizes the recent technological advances of plant science. This is a succinct, up-to-date, and relevant compilation based on the techniques used in plant science; this book embodies the recent knowledge of advanced techniques frequently being used from last few decades. There are twelve chapters summarized systematically that demonstrate: the suitability of Laser Produced Plasma Spectroscopy; potential of NMR spectroscopy in plant metabolomics; recent developments and applications of novel analytical techniques for the analysis of plant materials; chlorophyll as a fluorescence analysis and a technique to explore the photochemistry of photosystem II; drought stress and metabolomics in plants; heat shock on Bipolaris sorokiniana in cereal crops; salt stress on crops plants and their mitigation strategies; plant cell death by rumen-induced stress on plant in ruminant herbivores; the role of diazotrophs in maintaining plant health in agricultural fields; population biology of Rhizoctonia solani AG-1 IA from India; and biofilms as a home for microorganisms and genetically modified organism. This book will be helpful for researchers, academicians and students working on the related fields.

Plasticity of Boronized Layers (Springer Series in Materials Science)

This book presents the physico-technical basis and current state of the technology of boronized layers. Special attention is given to the layer structure and morphology of allocated phases and distributions in a superficial zone of chemical compounds. Two- and multi-component phases of alloys and diffusion processes in a self-organizing mode are discussed. Surface hardening by boronizing increases the life time of mechanical tools. This is important for the mining industry, agriculture, textile and chemical industry. The book is important for thermochemical treatment and surface hardening of metals and alloys.

Muslim Ethics: Emerging Vistas

Recent political and social events, as well as advances in science and technology, have posed challenges to the traditional Muslim discourse on ethics. In this book, new in paperback, Amyn B. Sajoo examines these challenges and critically analyzes the implications of emerging initiatives in political pluralism and civic culture as well as moves in bio-medicine and environmental conservation. He considers how the contours of public ethics in Islam may be redefined to provide shared conceptions of the good and the practically useful in pluralist societies.

Mathematical Paradigms of Climate Science (Springer INdAM Series)

This book, featuring a truly interdisciplinary approach, provides an overview of cutting-edge mathematical theories and techniques that promise to play a central role in climate science. It brings together some of the most interesting overview lectures given by the invited speakers at an important workshop held in Rome in 2013 as a part of MPE2013 (“Mathematics of Planet Earth 2013”). The aim of the workshop was to foster the interaction between climate scientists and mathematicians active in various fields linked to climate sciences, such as dynamical systems, partial differential equations, control theory, stochastic systems, and numerical analysis. Mathematics and statistics already play a central role in this area. Likewise, computer science must have a say in the efforts to simulate the Earth’s environment on the unprecedented scale of petabytes. In the context of such complexity, new mathematical tools are needed to organize and simplify the approach. The growing importance of data assimilation techniques for climate modeling is amply illustrated in this volume, which also identifies important future challenges.

Manual of Forensic Science: An International Survey

A truly international and multi-disciplinary compendium of current best practices authored by top practitioners from around the world, the book covers current trends and technology advances in the following disciplines within forensic science: bloodstain pattern analysis, forensic photography, ballistics, latent prints, forensic genetics and DNA, questioned documents, forensic toxicology, forensic clinical medicine, forensic pathology, forensic odontology, forensic anthropology, forensic entomology, forensic biometry, forensic psychology and profiling, law comparison and ethics, and much more. The book serves as an invaluable resource and handbook for forensic professionals throughout the world.

Geospatial Data Science Techniques and Applications

Data science has recently gained much attention for a number of reasons, and among them is Big Data. Scientists (from almost all disciplines including physics, chemistry, biology, sociology, among others) and engineers (from all fields including civil, environmental, chemical, mechanical, among others) are faced with challenges posed by data volume, variety, and velocity, or Big Data. This book is designed to highlight the unique characteristics of geospatial data, demonstrate the need to different approaches and techniques for obtaining new knowledge from raw geospatial data, and present select state-of-the-art geospatial data science techniques and how they are applied to various geoscience problems.

Environmental Monitoring for Cleanrooms and Controlled Environments (Drugs and the Pharmaceutical Sciences)

A critical technology in the science of contamination control, environmental monitoring is a technique that provides important data on the quality of a process, processing environment, and final product, which can aid scientists in identifying and eliminating potential sources of contamination in cleanrooms and controlled environments. In response to the scattered industry and ISO standards and technical reports on the subject, this title provides comprehensive information about environmental monitoring, including monitoring of viable and non-viable air, surfaces, water, alert and action levels, trending, procedures for responding to excursions, certification/requalification, and the application of new ISO standards. Because the interpretation of results is vital in controlling contamination, several chapters discuss the presentation of data, trending, and investigations, and how they are valuable in reducing risk to the product, process, and patient.

Cybercrime in Progress: Theory and prevention of technology-enabled offenses (Crime Science Series)

The emergence of the World Wide Web, smartphones, and computers has transformed the world and enabled individuals to engage in crimes in a multitude of new ways. Criminological scholarship on these issues has increased dramatically over the last decade, as have studies on ways to prevent and police these offenses. This book is one of the first texts to provide a comprehensive review of research regarding cybercrime, policing and enforcing these offenses, and the prevention of various offenses as global change and technology adoption increases the risk of victimization around the world. Drawing on a wide range of literature, Holt and Bossler offer an extensive synthesis of numerous contemporary topics such as theories used to account for cybercrime, policing in domestic and transnational contexts, cybercrime victimization and issues in cybercrime prevention. The findings provide a roadmap for future research in cybercrime, policing, and technology, and discuss key controversies in the existing research literature in a way that is otherwise absent from textbooks and general cybercrime readers. This book is an invaluable resource for academics, practitioners, and students interested in understanding the state of the art in social science research. It will be of particular interest to scholars and students interested in cybercrime, cyber-deviance, victimization, policing, criminological theory, and technology in general.

Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Volume 1: Mathematical and Analytical Techniques

This new book brings together innovative research, new concepts, and novel developments in the application of informatics tools for applied chemistry and computer science. It presents a modern approach to modeling and calculation and also looks at experimental design in applied chemistry and chemical engineering. The volume discusses the developments of advanced chemical products and respective tools to characterize and predict the chemical material properties and behavior. Providing numerous comparisons of different methods with one another and with different experiments, not only does this book summarize the classical theories, but it also exhibits their engineering applications in response to the current key issues. Recent trends in several areas of chemistry and chemical engineering science, which have important application to practice, are discussed. Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering: Volume 1: Mathematical and Analytical Techniques provides valuable information for chemical engineers and researchers as well as for graduate students. It demonstrates the progress and promise for developing chemical materials that seem capable of moving this field from laboratory-scale prototypes to actual industrial applications. Volume 2 will focus principles and methodologies in applied chemistry and chemical engineering.

Help! I'm Teaching Middle School Science

Like your own personal survival guide, Help! I'm Teachig Middle School Science is a nontechnical how-to manual, especially for first-year teachers. But even veteran teachers can benefit from the plentiful ideas, examples, and tips on teaching sicence the way middle-schoolers learn best. The book covers all the basics: what to do on the first day of school (including icebreaker activities), preparing safe and effective lab lessons, managing the classroom, and working with in-school teams as well as parents. But its practical, and encouraging, approach doesn't mean it shorchanges the basics of effective pedagogy. You'll learn how to handle cooperative learning and assessment, how to help students write effectively, and the importance of modeling for early adolescents. Applicable US National Science Education Standards and helpful resources and references are provided throughout the text. In addition to a wealth of reproducible field trip permission forms, lab report formats, and mearsurement and safety quizzes, you get low-cost recipes for salt crystals, culture meduim, fun putty, and the ever-popular "oobleck." Help! is just the lively resource you need to see you through your first months, and beyond.

Spatial Big Data Science: Classification Techniques for Earth Observation Imagery

Emerging Spatial Big Data (SBD) has transformative potential in solving many grand societal challenges such as water resource management, food security, disaster response, and transportation. However, significant computational challenges exist in analyzing SBD due to the unique spatial characteristics including spatial autocorrelation, anisotropy, heterogeneity, multiple scales and resolutions which is illustrated in this book. This book also discusses current techniques for, spatial big data science with a particular focus on classification techniques for earth observation imagery big data. Specifically, the authors introduce several recent spatial classification techniques, such as spatial decision trees and spatial ensemble learning. Several potential future research directions are also discussed. This book targets an interdisciplinary audience including computer scientists, practitioners and researchers working in the field of data mining, big data, as well as domain scientists working in earth science (e.g., hydrology, disaster), public safety and public health. Advanced level students in computer science will also find this book useful as a reference.

Science Squad
Science Squad Sented by Luis

The zany characters of the Science Squad will guide kids ages 5-7 through this engaging, fact-packed book from Robert Winston all about the key STEAM subjects: science, technology, engineering, art, and maths. This bright and cheery illustrated book for kids ages 5-7 breaks down STEAM subjects, like science and technology, into fun and easily understandable chunks. Join Robert Winston and the Science Squad to unravel the mysteries of the world: find out how robots work, what a food chain is, where lightning comes from, how lungs allow you to breathe, and much more. The Science Squad characters (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Maths) guide the reader through the book and are always on hand with tips, fun facts, and simple explanations. With pages covering living things, the human body, space, physics, geography, math, engineering, and chemistry, this book is a perfect introduction for kids starting to learn about science at school, or those who are just developing an interest in how the world works.

Genomic Approaches in Earth and Environmental Sciences (Analytical Methods in Earth and Environmental Science)

The past 15 years have witnessed an explosion of DNA sequencing technologies that provide unprecedented insights into biology. Although this technological revolution has been driven by the biomedical sciences, it also offers extraordinary opportunities in the earth and environmental sciences. In particular, the application of "omics" methods (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics) directly to environmental samples offers exciting new vistas of complex microbial communities and their roles in environmental and geochemical processes. This unique book fills the gap where there exists a lack of resources and infrastructure to educate and train geoscientists about the opportunities, approaches, and analytical methods available in the application of omic technologies to problems in the geosciences.

Foreign-Born STEM Entrepreneurship: Participation and Differences With U.S.-Born Workers (Business Issues, Competition and Entrepreneurship)

The STEM fields-science, technology, engineering and mathematics-are the source of tangible innovations in products and processes that help to spur economic growth. Though many of these advances may occur in established organizations, radical innovation has long been associated with entrepreneurial ventures. Several previous studies have shown that high-growth, high-tech STEM-based businesses in the United States are disproportionately founded by foreign-born scientists and engineers. However, recent data also suggest that immigrants' rate of participation in U.S. entrepreneurship is slowing. Policies that support nascent immigrant STEM entrepreneurs may also help to improve U.S. employment rates, economic productivity, and career satisfaction among new Americans and legal permanent residents. This book investigates several explanations for differences in STEM entrepreneurship between college-educated native-born and foreign-born workers. It also explores reasons for differences in entrepreneurial participation among foreign-born workers

Chasing Captain America: How Advances in Science, Engineering, and Biotechnology Will Produce a Superhuman

The form and function of the human body, once entirely delimited by nature, are now fluid concepts thanks to recent advances in biomedical science and engineering. Professor, author, and comic book enthusiast E. Paul Zehr uses Marvel’s Captain America ― an ordinary man turned into an extraordinary hero, thanks to a military science experiment ― as an entry-point to this brave new world of science, no longer limited to the realm of fiction. With our ever-expanding scientific and technological prowess, human biological adaptability is now in our fallible human hands. Thanks to the convergence of biology, engineering, and technology, we can now alter our abilities through surgery, pharmaceutical enhancement, technological fusion, and genetic engineering. Written in an accessible manner, Chasing Captain America explores these areas and more, asking what the real limits of being human are, how far we should bend those limits, and how we may be forced to reshape human biology if we are to colonize planets like Mars.

Biotechnology in Personal Care (Cosmetic Science and Technology)

Divided into three expansive sections on biotechnological advances, applications, and research prospects, this reference provides expert summaries of the state-of-the-science in personal care product development-clearly depicting the latest breakthroughs and practices in biotechnology for the formulation and increased safety of new personal care ingredients.

Art, Technology, Consciousness: mind@large

From a technological perspective, these essays address current theories of consciousness and subjective experience, embracing new ideas from the physical sciences alongside more spiritual and artistic aspects of human existence. This volume develops from the studies published in Roy Ascott's highly successful Reframing Consciousness, documenting the very latest research from those connected with the CAiiA-STAR centre and its associated conferences. Their work embodies artistic and theoretical research in new media and telematics including aspects of artificial life, robotics, technoetics, performance, computer music and intelligent architecture, to growing international acclaim.

Applied Statistics for Social and Management Sciences

This book addresses the application of statistical techniques and methods across a wide range of disciplines. While its main focus is on the application of statistical methods, theoretical aspects are also provided as fundamental background information. It offers a systematic interpretation of results often discovered in general descriptions of methods and techniques such as linear and non-linear regression. SPSS is also used in all the application aspects. The presentation of data in the form of tables and graphs throughout the book not only guides users, but also explains the statistical application and assists readers in interpreting important features. The analysis of statistical data is presented consistently throughout the text. Academic researchers, practitioners and other users who work with statistical data will benefit from reading Applied Statistics for Social and Management Sciences.

Yoga for Speech-Language Development

Combining years of experience as certified speech-language pathologists and as qualified yoga teachers, the authors of this pioneering book explain how yoga can be used to aid speech-language development in children up to age 12. The book includes a range of yoga-based exercises for improving pre-linguistic communication, vocabulary development and motor planning for speech. The text is enriched by illustrations of children in each yoga pose, so no prior experience of yoga is necessary to help children carry out each activity. The book also provides information on using this approach with children with neurodevelopmental and intellectual disabilities, including ADHD and autism.

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